L  a  G r a n  E n c i c l o p e d i a   I l u s t r a d a  d e l   P r o y e c t o  S a l n  H o g a r


Bluebells Shopping Centre

 

1.- Vocabulary

Shop: tienda
Baker’s: panadería
Butcher’s: carnicería
Fishmonger’s: pescadería
Cake shop: pastelería
Bookshop: librería
Florist: floristería
Hairdresser’s: peluquería
Jeweller’s: joyería
Perfume shop: perfumería
Shoe shop: zapatería
Souvenir shop: tienda de recuerdos
Chemist: farmacia
Dry cleaner’s: tintorería
Tailor: sastre
Bank: banco
Post office: correos
Bus station: estación de autobuses
Bus stop: parada de autobús
Train station: estación de ferrocarril
Shopping centre: centro comercial

To do the shopping: hacer la compra
To go shopping: ir de compras
To look for: buscar
To spend: gastar (dinero)

Customer: cliente
Shop assistant: dependiente
Changing room: probador
Cash desk: caja
Receipt: recibo
Sales: rebajas
Bargain: ganga

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2.- Grammar – Modal Verbs

We are going to look at the following modal verbs:

• Can (poder)
• Must (deber)
• Have to (tener que)
• Should (debería)

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2.A.1.- Can

Can + Bare Infinitive (infinitive without to)

Can’t + Bare Infinitive
(Cannot = negative)

We use can to say that something is possible or to say that someone has the ability to do something.

Utilizamos Can para decir que algo es posible o para decir que alguien tiene la habilidad de hacer algo.

Remember:

• You can only use Can in the Present and the Past.

Examples:

I can see the man from my window.
Can you speak Japanese?
We can’t go to Paris this weekend

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2.A.2.- Must

Must + bare Infinitive
Must not / mustn’t + bare Infinitive

We use must to express obligation.

Utilizamos must para expresar una obligación.

I must go to work today.
They mustn’t smoke in this building.
Must I do my homework?

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2.A.3.- Have to

Have to + bare infinitive
Do not have to / don’t have to + bare infinitive

We use have to when we talk about external obligation, such as when someone says that something is necessary or important.

Utilizamos have to cuando hablamos de obligaciones externas, por ejemplo cuando alguien dice que algo es necesario o importante.

Examples:

Tonight we have to go to swimming practice.
They have to go to school on Friday.
Do I have to go to church today?

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2.A.4.- Should

Should + bare infinitive
Should not / shouldn’t + bare infinitive

We use should to give advice or to talk about what we think is right or wrong.

Utilizamos should para dar consejos o para hablar de lo que pensamos es correcto o incorrecto.

Examples:

You look tired. I thin you should go to bed.
Alison works a lot. She should talk to her boss.
Should we talk to Mum about grandma?


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2.B.- Practice


2.B.1.- Choose the correct answer for each question:

(Para ver la solución hacer click en el texto; doble click vuelve a posición original)

 


2.B.2.- Fill in the gap with the correct modal verb - must, have to, can, should

(Para ver la solución hacer click en el texto; doble click vuelve a posición original)

 

3.- Reading

(Para ver la traducción hacer click en el texto; doble click vuelve a posición original)

 

3.A.- Practice

3.A.1.- Answer the following questions

(Para ver la solución hacer click en el texto; doble click vuelve a posición original)

 

3.A.2.- What do the following numbers refer to?

(Para ver la solución hacer click en el texto; doble click vuelve a posición original)